A spoonful of sugar may help for medicine, but does it really take eight to ten teaspoons of sugar to help drink a cola? That is how much sugar (as corn syrup) is in most soft drinks. That would not be so bad if most people stopped at just one. But in North America, we get an average of 7% of our daily calories from soft drinks , a number that has almost doubled since 1998, due in part to a large increase in serving sizes [3, 6].
Drinking or eating too many sugary foods is directly connected to weight gain, which is linked to type II diabetes. Over 35% of our children are overweight or obese, up from 5% in 1980 [2, 9]. The total annual costs of type II diabetes are US$148 billion per year in the U.S. . What happens if an appropriate proportion of these costs are directly allocated to the companies promoting these sugary drinks to us and our children?
The cost of type II diabetes is $148 billion per year, 7% of our calories come from soft drinks, and Coca-Cola has 41% market share . So the cost of diabetes that can be allocated to Coke is $148 billion x 7% x 41% = $4.2 billion.
In 2008, Coca-Cola’s North American sales were $8.2 billion with net earnings of $1.6 billion . Their net earnings after allocating diabetes costs are $1.6 billion minus $4.2 billion = net loss of $2.6 billion.
|Cost of type II diabetes (per year)||$148 billion|
|Soft drinks as percent of calories||x 7%|
|Soft drink cost of diabetes||$10.36 billion|
|Coca-Cola’s market share||x 41%|
|Coca-Cola’s cost of diabetes||$4.2 billion|
|Coca-Cola’s North American net earnings (2008)||$1.6 billion|
|Coca-Cola’s net earnings (loss) after diabetes costs||($2.6) billion|
Consumption of sugared soft drinks is slowly starting to decline, thanks to the availability of diet alternatives, bottled water, and market pressure to get them out of schools and other childhood environments. However, we still have a long way to go.
In the past 30 years, we have seen a dramatic increase in the availability, promotion, and consumption of soft drinks, often replacing milk or water in our diets. How much healthier would we be if the ‘market cost’ of all this added sugar was internalized by our food companies and included in their financial results, giving them a financial incentive to change? Liquid Candy: How soft drinks are harming America’s health. Centre for science in the public interest. http://www.cspinet.org/liquidcandy/
- 7% of calories of average American from soft drinks
- Add in non-carbonated beverages brings that to 9%
- 15 teaspoons per day to average teen boy = equal to daily recommended limit
- Not just problem from what they add, but from what they replace (e.g. milk)
- Sugar directly related to weight gain, which is directly related to type 2 diabetes
- liquid_candy_final_w_new_supplement.pdf: Liquid Candy – full report
- 25% of U.S. children overweight and 11% obese
- Soft drink consumption directly related to obesity
- Increase in serving size from 6-8 ounces, to 12 ounces, to 16 ounces, 64-ounce ‘big gulp’.
- Average portion size today is twice the recommended
- Medical expenditures on diabetes $174 billion in 2007
- 32% increase since 2002
- Net revenue: $8.2 billion
- Operating income: $1.6 billion
- Average per capita consumption (U.S.) 412 ounces, up from 275 ounces in 1998
- Coke market share in U.S. 41%
- Cost breakdown of Obesity in the US according to CDC – Costs related to obese and overweight in 1998 $78.5 billion, 9.8% of total medical costs
- 2004 obesity-attributable medical costs $75.05bil
- Contributing factors inc. Sugar, especially soft drinks
- Associated health risks/consequences – 70% of a sample of 5-17 year olds had cardiovascular disease risk factors (high cholestoral, high blood pressure, abnormal glucose tolerance), less commonly Diabetes, weight-induced asthma, sleep apnea
- Prevelence – between 1980 and 2003, age 2-5 5%->12.4%, 6-11 6.5%-17%, 12-19 5.0%-17.6%
- Approximately 85% of all diabetes patients have Type 2
raw data… ? Symptoms of Diabetes and their Association with the Risk and Presence of Diabetes: Findings from the Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes) http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/7/277/table/T3
- 76.3 % of respondents who had type II diabetes also reported being overweight or obese (BMI>28kg/m2).
Developed by: Douglas Frosst, June 2009